Typography Notes


    • Typography: is the art and technique of arranging type, type design, and modifying type glyphs. Type glyphs are created and modified using a variety of illustration techniques. The arrangement of type involves the selection of typefaces, point size, line length, leading, adjusting the spaces between groups of letters and adjusting the space between pairs of letters.
    • Baseline: The line on which all letters rest.
    • Cap Height: The line reached by the top of uppercase or Capital letters.
    • Extenders: Extenders are the parts of letters that extend either below the baseline (descenders) or above the midline (ascenders).
    • Serif: A stroke added to either the beginning or end of one of the main strokes of a letter. (feet)
    • San Serif: Without a serif (usually used for Headlines) (without feet)
    • X-height: The distance between the baseline and midline of an alphabet. The x-height is usually the height of the unextended lowercase letters.
    • Kerning: The space between letters
    • Leading: The space between lines of type.

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